Loos, Adolf

Loos, Adolf
b. 10 December 1870 Brno, Moravia (now in the Czech Republic)
d. 23 August 1933 Vienna, Austria
Austrian architect who was one of the earliest pioneers of the modern school in Europe.
Loos was the son of a sculptor and trained as a mason before studying architecture at Dresden College of Technology between 1890 and 1893. He then spent three years in America in such diverse areas as New York, Chicago, Philadelphia and St Louis. He became a devotee of America and of building there, and he was particularly impressed by the work of Louis Sullivan. He returned to Austria in 1896 and set up practice in Vienna. His early work there was in line with the current Sezessionist mode, but he quickly came to disassociate himself from this trend and increasingly insisted upon very plain and functionalist designs: by 1908 he is quoted as saying that "the evolution of culture marches with the elimination of ornament from useful objects". By this time Loos had become the pace-setter for modern ideas and was designing houses constructed from modern materials in as severe and cubic a style as Le Corbusier (Charles-Edouard Jeanneret) was soon to do. Adolf Loos made many designs, but only a small proportion were translated into building. Of his notable interiors the Kartner Bau (1907) in Vienna had pride of place, while his Steiner Haus (1910) there is regarded as the earliest truly modern house in Europe. Cubic in form and with simplified fenestration, this was the forerunner of inter-war architecture. In 1920 Loos was appointed Chief Housing Architect for Vienna, but he resigned two years later. He spent some time in Paris mixing with avant-garde artists and architects and lectured for a time at the Sorbonne. His last commissions, after he had returned to Vienna in 1928, included some of his best work, notably the Muller House (1930) in Prague.
Further Reading
Benedetto Gravagnuolo, 1982, Adolf Loos: Theory and Works, Milan: Idea Books.
——1986, The Architecture of Adolf Loos, Arts Council Exhibition Book (with a Foreword by Sir John Summerson).
L.Munz and G.Kunstet, 1964, Der Architekt Adolf Loos, Vienna and Munich: Anton Schroll.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Loos, Adolf — born Dec. 10, 1870, Brno, Moravia, Austria Hungary died Aug. 23, 1933, Kalksburg, near Vienna, Austria Austrian architect. Educated in Dresden, Ger., he practiced in Vienna, though he spent extended periods in the U.S. and Paris. Opposed to both… …   Universalium

  • LOOS, Adolf — (1870 1933)    In 1913, Adolf Loos, one of the leading practitioners of modern, utilitarian architecture in Austria, wrote an essay titled Ornament and Crime in reaction to the perceived aristocratic opulence of the popular Art Nouveau, or… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Loos, Adolf — ► (1870 1933) Arquitecto austríaco. Centró su interés en la organización del espacio interior de los edificios. * * * (10 dic. 1870, Brno, Moravia, Austria Hungría–23 ago. 1933, Kalksburgo, cercano a Viena, Austria). Arquitecto austríaco. Estudió …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loos — Loos, Adolf …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolf Loos — Das Haus Steiner in Wien 13., St. Veit Gasse 10 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • LOOS (A.) — LOOS ADOLF (1870 1933) Si l’Autrichien Adolf Loos n’est pas toujours un architecte de premier plan, il est au moins l’un des rares (avec Le Corbusier) qui soit aussi un écrivain. Son écriture révèle, comme son architecture pourtant si rigoureuse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Loos — (Adolf) (1870 1933) architecte autrichien; un des pionniers du fonctionnalisme: maison Steiner à Vienne (1910) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adolf Loos — Infobox Architect caption= name=Adolf Loos nationality= birth date=birth date|1870|12|10 birth place=Brno, Austria Hungary death date=death date and age|1933|08|23|1870|10|12 death place=Vienna, Austria practice name= significant buildings=… …   Wikipedia

  • Adolf Loos — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Loos. Adolf Loos Adolf Loos (Brünn, 10 décembre 1870 Vienne, 23  …   Wikipédia en Français

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